How to build a private WIFI network for your WebApp

There are times when a device loaded with software needs to be configured without a keyboard or monitor. A WebApp is a great way to do just that, but what if you can't or don't want to connect to an existing Wifi network. We will discuss these scenarios in this document.

I work with physical computing or devices that have rather sophisticated software that needs to be configured, monitored and controlled.

Building a Private Wifi

Here is the situation, I just plugged a white box into the wall and it has a steady green light. I can see two other lights, one of which is red. The other two lights are off.

This device is pretty cool, it will control the lights in my garage, I have a well lit garage. But I need to configure this thing to set up lighting schedules, basically synchronize with daylight.

Making a Wireless Connection

I can’t stick a monitor or a keyboard cable into this thing. However, since my device is running good old Linux with a nice Wifi chip, we are going to turn it into an Access Point (AP).

To make this connection happen we are going to do the following:

  1. Install and configure Device as an AP with a specific SSID
  2. Device with a browser like Firefox connects with wireless SSID
  3. Browser (firefox) connects to device URL
  4. Device sends configuration pages to Browser
  5. User configures the device then saves and exits

At this point the device operates on it’s own, not needing anymore interaction. However, this same method of configuring the device can used to monitor through a dashboard.

Configuring the AP

HostAPd is a very popular Linux tool that will help us easily configure the Device as an AP advertising a specific SSID.

hostapd is available from Debian distributions with the familiar apt packaging.

apt-get install -y hostapd

This needs to be configured, here is what I do to help configure every device with a unique but recognizable SSID. The WebApp user should have a simple time connecting with the private network and subsequently the browser connects to the server and bang, off and running.

Reasons for a Private Wifi

OK. Why not just connect to an exiting network? In some cases we will connect to an existing network and hence take advantage of Internet Services and on premise infrastructure.

No Access Allowed

There are many cases, like a top secret skunk works projects or an industrial production facility where they want to isolate unnecessary external devices from internal infra structure.

Reduce Security Vulnerabilities

Creating private networks allows control of who and how that network can be accessed. By limiting access to external networks from my lighting system and am reducing the surface of my security vulnerabilities.

No Access At All

Sometimes we are in the middle of almost nowhere, like the High Sierra’s, there is no Internet or Wifi Infrastructure. And good luck trying to get a cell phone signal (hey T-Mobile!) up there.

However, a little WiFi connectivity can still be had! Thank You Solar Power!.


This article is not finished, I ran out of time. I will finish it, but only if somebody asks me to. Heck if nobody will read it, then should I spend the time?

Is the sound of a singing bird beautiful if nobody hears it?