The Unix build tool is a declarative dependency tracking build tool. Make was born in 1976, and is still how most C and C++ programs and libraries are built today, including the Linux operating system and GNU Compilers and half of all the worlds systems software.
So Many Makes, So Little Time
In that time, especially during the early years of commercial fragmentation and little benefit from Open Source software, the make tool and corresponding Makefile become splintered in implementation details. For example each of BSD and AT&T Unixen had a flavor, the Free Software Foundation had it’s GNUMake, all of which still live today!
One Make to Unite Them All
Any attempt at unifying makefiles is basically hopeless, I forgot to mention the world of Windows and embedded systems have billions of lines of code depended some variation of make or another.
A single standard Makefile, not possible. We need another solution.
A standard Makefile, with any level of sophistication will not be happening anytime soon, so the makers of CMake! According to Wikipedia:
CMake development began in 1999 in response to the need for a cross-platform build environment for the Insight Segmentation and Registration Toolkit. The project is funded by the United States National Library of Medicine as part of the Visible Human Project.
Kudo’s to the (National Library of Medicine)[https://www.nlm.nih.gov/] and the early creators of CMake. The took a bit of a different approach.
You basically define how you want to software built, you specify your desires in CMakeLists.txt which gets generated in a Makefile, the flavor of the Makefile is based on the build system of the host Operating System.
CMakeLists.txt has an approach akin to “When in Rome do as the Romans”
Now you have Makefiles generated that are tuned specifically to the host operating system.
Here is an example cmake command you would used to add the compiler
-I.../include at compile time.
Goto my CMakefile cheet sheet !